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5 Scalp Infections: Causes, Symptoms, Preventions.

5 Scalp Infections: Causes, Symptoms, Preventions.

What is scalp infection?

You are lucky if you haven’t experienced any type of scalp infection yet, but that’s not the case for most of us. Scalp infection is the overgrowth of microorganisms on the scalp. Microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, and other viruses can infect the scalp. These infections cause redness, dryness, itching, hair fall, inflammation, pus, and more.

What causes fungal infections on the scalp?

  1. Transmission of fungus: Coming into contact with individuals with a fungal infection can spread the infection to your scalp. This can spread through hands, clothes, scalp, etc.
  2. Shared belongings: Shared combs, brushes, towels, pillows, and clothes of a person with a scalp infection can spread the infection.
  3. Infected animals: Some scalp infections can spread to younger animals like cats and dogs.
  4. Season and environment: Seasons like monsoon come with their own challenges. The increased humidity and moisture, plus dampness, create the perfect environment for scalp infection.

What are the different types of scalp fungus?


Hair grows through hair follicles and sometimes bacteria enter through the skin and inflame the follicle. A small pimple forms around the follicle and infects the scalp. 

  • Symptoms
    Itchiness and burning sensation on the skin.
    Pimples filled with pus break open and cover over.
    An inflamed bump.
  • Causes
    Constantly touching the scalp with dirty hands.
    Covering the scalp with tight hats, headgear.

Seborrheic Dermatitis

  • This scalp infection is more common than others. It inflames the skin, creates scaly patches and dandruff. It gets itchy and irritating mostly developed on an oily scalp.
  • Symptoms
    Flaky patches of white and yellow scales.
    Itchiness and irritation.
    Flaky dandruff.
  • Causes
    Overgrowth of yeast called Malassezia.
    Family history of dermatitis.
    Stress or weak immune system.

Scalp Psoriasis

  • It is an autoimmune disease causing your skin cells to reproduce faster. It creates thick patches on your scalp creating high levels of itchiness and irritation.
  • Symptoms
    Bumpy patches.
    Flakes like dandruff.
    Itchiness and soreness.
  • Causes
    Family history of psoriasis.
    Triggered by stress and depression.
    Trouble in the immune system.


  • It’s a ring-shaped fungal infection. It is contagious, transferring from one person to another if came in close contact. It can spread from the scalp to other areas of the body.
  • Symptoms
    Itchy, scaly, bald patches.
    Brittle or fragile hair, hair loss.
    Painful areas on the scalp.
  • Causes
    Human contact – It spreads through skin contact of an infected person. to another.
    Infected belongings – It can spread through infected towels, clothes, comb, bedsheets, etc. If someone close to you is infected, then make sure to wash their belongings separately with anti-fungal powder and try it well.
    Infected animals – Animal babies like puppies, and kittens have high chances of being affected. One can get ringworm if they come in contact with these affected animals.

Lichen Planus

  • It is a scalp infection that causes inflammation, swelling, and irritation to the scalp. It causes itchiness and rashes.
  • Symptoms
    Redness and itchiness.
    Tiny bumps.
    Patches on the scalp.
  • Causes
    Trouble in the immune system.
    White blood cells destroy skin and hair cells.

How to prevent scalp infection?

Exfoliate regularly

Use a clean, healthy product that exfoliates your scalp while leaving it nourished. Eh-Maaya Clear Clay is one of the best exfoliators in the market to prevent scalp buildup.

Wash your scalp with gentle shampoo

Wash your scalp at least twice a week to keep it clean and hygienic. Use a gentle shampoo that balances the scalp's pH level. One such gentle shampoo recommended by doctors is Eh-Maaya Fluidique Shampoo.

Nourish your scalp with nutrients

Like your body, even the scalp needs essential vitamins, proteins, and other nutrients. Use a non-greasy product that has superfoods and nourishes your scalp. We highly recommend you try Eh-Maaya Midnight Potion for non-greasy nourishment overnight.

Condition your hair

Just conditioning your hair with any conditioner can backfire. Use a mild conditioner that suits your hair type to keep your hair away from attracting dirt and bacteria. Eh-Maaya Fluidique Conditioners are a perfect fit. All Eh-Maaya products are made according to the needs of each hair type - Curly, Wavy, and Straight.

Eat right

Outer care is not enough. Real nourishment is done on the inside. The root cause of everything is what you eat. Be it strengthening your immune system, clearing infection, or reducing stress. Eating right will help you solve that.


Scalp infections can feel overwhelming, stressful, and irritating, but don’t forget to take care of your mental health. Eat a balanced diet because our health is 70% dependent on what we eat. Lastly, use the right products that suit your hair type. Each hair type needs a different formula for hair and scalp. Try Eh-Maaya products today and get 15% off, because they are co-created by doctors and recommended by them.

Have more queries related to scalp infection or haircare? Don’t worry, we have got your back! Simply follow us and dm us on Instagram and our experts will answer them.